Science and Technology shouldn’t be confined in one department or laboratory, where good ideas may evolve but are often stuck in silos. While it is critical to have teams in place whose job is to focus on science, technology and engineering. Innovation needs to be a process and culture cultivated across the country. Everyone needs to contribute to it, asking themselves: What can I improve? How can I do it better?
Objective: To unearth disruptive ideas and concepts in emerging technologies identified by DRDO for enhancing defence capabilities.
Mobility is the technology required for imparting locomotion capability to an unmanned system. Legged robots provide the highest terrain-ability as they do not require contact with the ground at all times and can decide the foothold location for higher stability and locomotion. However, legged robots are less stable, require higher power and complex control strategies.
Innovative solutions need to be explored to provide the robots with force sensors to determine ground contact forces, inertial sensors to measure dynamic forces and perception sensors to determine the ground undulations and obstacles for determining the foothold and body posture for stable walking.
Entries are invited for multi-legged mobility solutions proposing/demonstrating leg articulation, sensor selection and usage, gait definition and control and overall system design with design objectives and margins.
Unmanned systems will increasingly have to work in teams consisting of agents (unmanned systems) with complementary capabilities. Realization of multi-agent system is based on effective communication network and awareness of the environment and self. The agents in a multi-agent system have several important characteristics such autonomy, localized view of the environment and decentralization. The agents are at least partially independent, self-aware or autonomous. They may not have a full global view of the system. In view of these characteristics, the agents need to exchange information with each other for cooperation and coordination for achievement of mission objectives. This will involve understanding of goals as defined in the mission objection, formulation of plan, identification of potential/optimal agents to execute plans/sub-plans, plan monitoring and execution.
In this problem, one needs to project novel solutions for evolving a plan based on the complementary capabilities of multiple unmanned systems and task assignment to the corresponding agents for execution to achieve the common objective.
Entries are invited for models of environment and agent capabilities, plan formulation based on models and plan execution control and coordination strategies. The full system proposed will be evaluated as a whole.
With the increasing in-depth integration of the Internet and social life, the Internet is changing how people learn and work; it also exposes us to increasingly serious security threats. How to identify various network attacks, particularly not previously seen attacks, is a key issue to be solved urgently.
Machine Learning/Deep Learning (ML/DL) based techniques can be explored to increase the detection rate of known intrusions and to reduce false positive rate of unknown attacks. Deep learning based techniques can be investigated and employed to achieve protection from zero-day attacks.
Swarm of unmanned aerial vehicles (bio inspired) capable of smart surveillance, target identification and attack for temporary incapacitation of the enemy or suspected individuals.
Composites offer a unique solution for use in aero and missile application but also seriously suffer from the problem of loss of strength due to engineering processes imported for ease of mandated assembly/ disassembly operation
DRDO therefore seek a solution to overcome this problem without compromising the benefit offered by composites in terms of weight, strength, corrosion free etc.
Wings, Tails and fins of the missile are important for its flight dynamics. These are kept folded close to the body of the missile during storage, and need to be properly deployed and held securely during the flight meeting all the conditions required for a successful flight. This will help make compact composite launched missiles.
Smart wear is the future for special operations soldiers to enable them for focused active role. It alleviates their concern and effort from all sort of information gathering, networking and information sharing.
Hemostasis is defined as “the stoppage of bleeding, hemorrhage, or blood flow through a blood vessel or body part.” Hemostatic agents improve hemostasis by improving primary hemostasis, stimulating fibrin formation, or inhibiting fibrinolysis.
In medical emergency conditions, bleeding needs to be stopped immediately by utilizing hemostatic agents. These agents are very much required to save lives of injured soldiers on the battlefield.
Being capable of stopping large-vessel arterial and venous bleeding in less than 2 minutes of application, and the ability to be delivered through a pool of blood when applied
Being ready to use with no requirement for on-scene mixing or pre-application preparation;
Being simple to use by the wounded victim, a ‘buddy’ or a medic, with minimal training;
Having lightweight and durable properties
Having a minimum 2-year shelf-life, in extreme environmental conditions (ideally at a temperature range of −10°C to +55°C);
Being safe to use with no risk of further injury to tissues or transmission of infection; and
Artificial oxygen carriers aim at improving oxygen transport and oxygen unloading to the tissue. Artificial oxygen carriers may thus be used as an alternative to allogeneic blood transfusions or to improve tissue oxygenation and function of organs with marginal oxygen supply.
These helps to avoid the risks of disease transmission and immune suppression, address the chronic blood donor shortage.
It is required to develop an Artificial oxygen carriers aim at improving oxygen transport and oxygen unloading to the tissue with minimal endurance of 6 hours.
Quick Response Team of Surveillance Aerial Robot & Sacrificial Ground Robots with aerial target tracking, heterogeneous entities coordination algorithms and Point-to-multi-point communication architecture for surveillance & operations in hostile enviornment.
It is required to realize and deploy an integrated sensor infrastructure with learning capabilities to provide comprehensive surveillance on the Indian borders and perimeters of security sensitive installations, formations and movements. The sensor should have self-power generation and management capability to provide solution in unmanned area for long durations. It should have threat computing, wireless networking and routing capability to appropriately communicate the sensing information to stake holders. Safety and security including self-deactivation/destruction are mandatory features to be considered in the proposal.
The sensor should have Learning capability and act accordingly (to identify the expected usage of the detected signal and raise alarms on predefined and/or learned events). The possible areas of sensing are enumerated below. Other possibilities can be looked into:
Sense frequency spectrum including signal intelligence/communication intelligence features on regular basis as well as based on an event.
Detection of movement of objects (person, animals, vegetation and vehicles) on regular basis or on event based.
Detection of presence of chemicals, high energy materials or poisonous gases on regular and event based occurrence.
Detection of audio signals including language and generation & routing of alarms on special/unknown /first time pattern of audio threats.
Detection of presence of body smells on regular /first time basis and alarm accordingly.
Disturbance of magnetic field due to the entry of metal based objects in the area of surveillance.
Detection of change of physical scenario within surveillance area.
Face, Body structure and posture recognition feature.
The technology of sensors, networking should be miniature, rugged and have stealth features. Its RCS/visual appearance should amalgam with the ambience.
The solutions should be based on executable and implementable technologies.